alphaproteobacteria

 

Bir b├Âcek h├╝cresi i├žindeki Wolbachia'n─▒n TEM mikrografisi.
Bir b├Âcek h├╝cresi i├žindeki Wolbachia'n─▒n TEM mikrografisi.

Methylobacterium symbioticum
Methylobacterium symbioticum kolonileri

Alphaproteobacteria, Proteobacteria ┼čubesinde bir bakteri s─▒n─▒f─▒d─▒r. ├ťyeleri son derece ├že┼čitlidir ve ├žok az benzerli─če sahiptir ancak yine de ortak bir atadand─▒rlar. T├╝m Proteobakteriler gibi, ├╝yeleri gram-negatiftir fakat baz─▒ h├╝cre i├ži parazit ├╝yeleri peptidoglikandan yoksundur ve bu nedenle gram de─či┼čkendir.

Bilimsel s─▒n─▒fland─▒rmas─▒


Tak─▒mlar

  • Caulobacterales Henrici and Johnson 1935 (Approved Lists 1980)
  • Emcibacterales Iino et al. 2016
  • Holosporales Szokoli et al. 2020
  • Hyphomicrobiales Douglas 1957
  • Iodidimonadales Iino et al. 2016
  • Kordiimonadales Kwon et al. 2005
  • Magnetococcales Bazylinski et al. 2013
  • Micropepsales Harbison et al. 2017
  • Minwuiales Sun et al. 2018
  • Rhodobacterales Garrity et al. 2006
  • Rhodospirillales Pfennig and Tr├╝per 1971
  • Rhodothalassiales Venkata Ramana et al. 2014
  • Rickettsiales Gieszczykiewicz 1939
  • Sneathiellales Kurahashi et al. 2008


Sinonimler

  • Caulobacteria Cavalier-Smith 2020
  • Anoxyphotobacteria (Gibbons and Murray 1978) Murray 1988
  • Photobacteria Gibbons and Murray 1978 (Approved Lists 1980)
  • Alphabacteria Cavalier-Smith 2002


├ľzellikleri

Alphaproteobacteria ├že┼čitli bir taksondur ve birka├ž fototrofik cins, birka├ž C1-bile┼či─či metabolize edici cins (├Ârn. Methylobacterium t├╝rleri), bitkilerin simbiyontlar─▒ (├Ârn. Rhizobium t├╝rleri), Eklembacakl─▒lar─▒n endosimbiyontlar─▒ (Wolbachia) ve h├╝cre i├ži patojenleri (├Ârn. Rickettsia) i├žerir. Ayr─▒ca, s─▒n─▒f (soyu t├╝kenmi┼č bir ├╝ye olarak), ├Âkaryotik bir ata taraf─▒ndan yutulan ve ├Âkaryotik h├╝crelerde mitokondri organelinin atas─▒ olan protomitokondri bakterisini i├žerir (Bak─▒n─▒z endosimbiyoz teorisi). Rhizobium radiobacter (eski ad─▒yla Agrobacterium tumefaciens) teknolojik bir ilgi alan─▒d─▒r: bilim adamlar─▒ bu t├╝r├╝ s─▒kl─▒kla yabanc─▒ DNA'y─▒ bitki genomlar─▒na aktarmak i├žin kullan─▒rlar. Pelagibacter ubique gibi aerobik anoksijenik fototrofik bakteriler, yayg─▒n olarak da─č─▒lm─▒┼č ve a├ž─▒k okyanus mikrobiyal toplulu─čunun % 10'undan fazlas─▒n─▒ olu┼čturabilen alfaproteobakterilerdir.

Taksonomik Alt Gruplar

Taksonomik alt gruplar listesi LPSN'ye g├Âre haz─▒rlanm─▒┼čt─▒r, sinonim isimlere ve ge├žerli olarak yay─▒nlanmam─▒┼č taksonlara yer verilmemi┼čtir.

Tak─▒mlarFamilyalar├ľnemli Cinsler & T├╝rler
CaulobacteralesCaulobacteraceaeCaulobacter
HyphomonadaceaeHyphomonas
MaricaulaceaeMaricaulis
EmcibacteralesEmcibacteraceaeEmcibacter
HolosporalesHolosporaceaeHolospora
HyphomicrobialesAestuariivirgaceaeAestuariivirga
AfifellaceaeAfifella
AhrensiaceaeAhrensia
AlsobacteraceaeAlsobacter
AmorphaceaeAmorphus
AncalomicrobiaceaeAncalomicrobium
AurantimonadaceaeAurantimonas
BartonellaceaeBartonella (B. henselae)
BeijerinckiaceaeBeijerinckia
BlastochloridaceaeBlastochloris
BoseaceaeBosea
BreoghaniaceaeBreoghania
BrucellaceaeBrucella (B. melitensis)
ChelatococcaceaeChelatococcus
CohaesibacteraceaeCohaesibacter
DevosiaceaeDevosia
HyphomicrobiaceaeHyphomicrobium (H. vulgare)
KaistiaceaeKaistia
LichenibacteriaceaeLichenibacterium
LichenihabitantaceaeLichenihabitans
MethylobacteriaceaeMethylobacterium
MethylocystaceaeMethylocystis
NitrobacteraceaeNitrobacter
NotoacmeibacteraceaeNotoacmeibacter
ParvibaculaceaeParvibaculum
PhreatobacteraceaePhreatobacter
PhyllobacteriaceaePhyllobacterium
PleomorphomonadaceaePleomorphomonas
PseudoxanthobacteraceaePseudoxanthobacter
RhabdaerophilaceaeRhabdaerophilum
RhizobiaceaeRhizobiumAgrobacterium (A. tumefaciens)
RhodobiaceaeRhodobium
RoseiarcaceaeRoseiarcus
SalinarimonadaceaeSalinarimonas
SegnochrobactraceaeSegnochrobactrum
StappiaceaeStappia
TepidamorphaceaeTepidamorphus
XanthobacteraceaeXanthobacter
IodidimonadalesIodidimonadaceaeIodidimonas
KordiimonadalesTemperatibacteraceaeKordiimonas
MagnetococcalesMagnetococcaceaeMagnetococcus
MicropepsalesMicropepsaceaeRhizomicrobium
MinwuialesMinwuiaceaeMinwuia
RhodobacteralesNeomegalonemataceaeMeganema
RhodobacteraceaeRhodobacter (R. capsulatus)
RhodospirillalesAcetobacteraceaeAcetobacter (A. aceti)
AzospirillaceaeAzospirillum
GeminicoccaceaeGeminicoccus
KiloniellaceaeKiloniella
ReyranellaceaeReyranellaceae
RhodospirillaceaeRhodospira
RhodovibrionaceaeRhodovibrio
StellaceaeStella
TerasakiellaceaeTerasakiella
ThalassobaculaceaeThalassobaculum
ThalassospiraceaeThalassospira
ZavarziniaceaeZavarzinia
RhodothalassialesRhodothalassiaceaeRhodothalassium
RickettsialesEhrlichiaceaeEhrlichia, Wolbachia
RickettsiaceaeRickettsia (R. rickettsii, R. typhi, R. conorii)
SneathiellalesSneathiellaceaeSneathiella


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